Nutrients are the vital substances that our body needs in order to maintain good health, proper growth, and also proper functioning of our bodies. Nutrition means to provide our bodies with the essential nutrients and in the right amounts which our body requires in order to function properly.
To get proper nutrition, it is important that you eat a healthy diet which consists of foods that can provide your body with all the necessary nutrients.
You cannot obtain all the nutrients your body requires just by eating a single type of food because it can only provide you with a certain amount or type of nutrients. Therefore, it is crucial that your diet consists of a variety of different types of foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and meat and other nutritious foods.
Malnutrition occurs when the body receives too little or too much of the essential nutrients required by the body. Malnutrition can cause a number of life threatening diseases and other chronic illnesses like obesity, blindness, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and many others.
It is estimated that more than 750 million people in the world suffer from malnutrition because they cannot afford a proper healthy diet. Hence, a proper healthy diet is not only good for your physical but mental health as well.
Nutrients are divided into two main types namely, macro nutrients and micro nutrients. The nutrients that are required by the human body in large amounts are known as macro nutrients. On the contrary, nutrients that are required by the body in small amounts are known as micro nutrients.
Macro nutrients include water, fats, carbohydrates, fiber, and proteins. Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins are known as the basic building blocks of life because they help to build, maintain, and repair the cells that make up the body.
This is why bodybuilders these days depend on products like protein powder because it helps provide their body with sufficient amounts of protein for muscle development.
On the other hand, water and fiber don’t work like the other macro nutrients but they are just as important to the body because they help in other processes like maintaining the blood cholesterol and glucose levels of the body. It also helps to speed up the digestion process of the body.
Micro nutrients consist of the minerals and vitamins. Minerals are the inorganic substances like potassium, sodium, calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium. Vitamins are those organic compounds that are essential for the proper growth and nutrition of the human body.
The Impact of Nutrition on Your Health
Unhealthy eating habits have contributed to the obesity epidemic in the United States: about one-third of U.S. adults (33.8%) are obese and approximately 17% (or 12.5 million) of children and adolescents aged 2—19 years are obese.
1 Even for people at a healthy weight, a poor diet is associated with major health risks that can cause illness and even death. These include heart disease, hypertension (high blood pressure), type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, and certain types of cancer. By making smart food choices, you can help protect yourself from these health problems.
The risk factors for adult chronic diseases, like hypertension and type 2 diabetes, are increasingly seen in younger ages, often a result of unhealthy eating habits and increased weight gain. Dietary habits established in childhood often carry into adulthood, so teaching children how to eat healthy at a young age will help them stay healthy throughout their life.
The link between good nutrition and healthy weight, reduced chronic disease risk, and overall health is too important to ignore. By taking steps to eat healthy, you’ll be on your way to getting the nutrients your body needs to stay healthy, active, and strong. As with physical activity, making small changes in your diet can go a long way, and it’s easier than you think!